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I understand the purpose of an ante: it stops people from constantly folding until they get perfect cards. But what's the point of having different players bet different forced bet amounts? It just seems "unfair" without adding anything to the gameplay.

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Jack: It's not particularly unfair because it rotates, also often you're forced to post a big blind when joining the table, so you can't join/leave to pay less blinds. It's just different. Also, in live play it's simpler, only two players have to worry about playing with their chips each hand, not all the players. –  Clinton Jan 2 '13 at 1:51
    
@Clinton I don't see what you mean about only two players needing to play with their chips. Doesn't everybody need to put in an ante anyway? –  Jack M Jan 3 '13 at 16:39
    
not with blinds only. Often play is without an ante, only blinds. I agree it's a bit silly to have antes and blinds. –  Clinton Jan 5 '13 at 8:07

2 Answers 2

up vote 6 down vote accepted

There is nothing "unfair" when it comes to the blinds, because the blinds "go over" all the players at the table in a Round Robin method.

The blinds have some purposes, the most important of which are:

  1. causes at least one player (the small blind) to lose chips in the hand and by doing that, it gives him/her motivation to participate in the hand.
  2. (in tournaments) Make sure the tournament will advance. By that I mean that blinds "eliminate" short stacks and leave the strong players in the tournament.
  3. Adds flexibility to the game by allowing big raises and blind steals.
  4. (in cash games) Give players an opportunity to choose a game according to the amount of money they have.

Regards,
Amigal

EDIT: this part is added as a response to your comment.

Ante is a very aggressive way of force players to commit chips. ANTE is as used as long as the tournaments continues. usually, an ante is not used in cash games. To make things a little bit clearer - there are some games (like 7 stud, 7 stud hi-low, razz ) that ANTE is part of the initial payments.

regarding the third point: players perform sometimes unexpected moves like big raises or All-in. those moves are sometimes used as a tool to cause all other players to fold their hands. By doing so, they earn the pot.

regarding the forth point - buy-in is usually for tournaments. For cash game we have the size of the blinds to tell us if we can afford ourselves to participate in the table.

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thanks for the editing –  amigal Jan 1 '13 at 21:23
    
Thanks for the response. But I'm very new to the game and still don't understand - (1, 2) but doesn't an ante do that as well? (3) I'm not sure what you mean by "flexibility", (4) don't other betting limits and different buy-in amounts already do that? –  Jack M Jan 3 '13 at 16:34
    
see my EDIT part in the question. –  amigal Jan 3 '13 at 18:43

The sole purpose of antes and blinds is to give every hand equity.

That is short and curt, but consider if a poker game has no ante or blind no hand has any real expectation. Without consideration of anything but optimal play what would be the optimal strategy in a game without blinds or antes? What hand would motivate one to put any money at risk in a pot unless there was already equity in the pot? Poker is not a card game, it is a betting game, and cards are simply the most popular way we play poker. Blinds and antes define the scope of the betting. Technically, no matter what the medium, you don't have a poker game until you have a pot, blinds and antes are the start of the pot making whatever you do afterwards, poker.

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