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Although you are betting chips when you make a raise, it is more common to call any increase of a non-zero bet a "raise," not a "bet." (If you verbalized your action, it would be more felicitous to say "I raise to 25," not "I bet 25.") Note that in some corners of the poker universe, one distinguishes between opens and raises. There, the correct options ...
There is no good answer. It depends on the poker room's terminology. Sometimes the first bet is called a raise, because the blinds are referred as bets. In other rooms there is always one bet before any raise. For more info about terms, see the WIKI page.
Although I don't think these are solely poker terms, "Total Money" is equivalent to Bankroll. "Money Invested" is equivalent to Money at Risk or Current Exposure to Risk. Some useful links to answers from this site on the topic of bankroll are: What is a proper starting bankroll? Tools for Managing Bankroll, Income and Losses
The big blind has BET. True, t's a FORCED bet that leads to his being called the "blind." (He made his bet without seeing his cards. Actually, the small blind is in for half a bet, so the big blind "raises" the small blind.) If the under the gun playermatches the "blind's" bet, s/he CALLS. If the under the gun player increases the Blind's bet, s/he raises.
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