There are different terminologies, depending if you play online or not. And there's not one "official" terminology.
For example it's not uncommon to read on poker forums "Villain has a PF3B of 9% in late positions" while you're less likely to hear this at a live table.
A lot of the current "online" terminology comes from the "trackers" that online players use to help their game. Most of the terms comes from "stats" that the tracker can display (including in their HUDs).
To re-use another term that Chris mentioned in another answer: "C/R" is not something you'll hear in live games. People will say "I check/raise", not "I C/R".
Some of these terms did make it to live games, some did not.
For example the "3-bet", which is a re-raise, wasn't called a 3-bet previously. When people started to use the term you could hear live players, including in some poker TV shows, asking "What's a 3-bet?" when some online player would refer to a re-raise as a 3-bet.
And even now some names/stats are confusing: for example the "3-bet" is a re-raise, no matter the street. Yet some people consider that a 3-bet is always a preflop 3-bet. Which is why some people use "PF3B".
So if you consider things like VPIP/PFR/PF3B/AF/etc. part of the terminology, good resources to consult are the statistical references guides provided by various trackers.
Keep however in mind that there's no definitive authority on this and that some stats may have the same name/abbreviation in various trackers yet be computed differently. The famous "aggression frequency" comes to mind. The two biggest trackers are using two different formulas...
Regarding all the stats name, here a some links...
Poker Tracker's "Statistical Reference Guide":
Hold'Em Manager's stats definitions:
Poker Lens (*)'s stats explanation (way shorter, but a good start for people that aren't familiar with the terminology relative to online poker):