Game is $1/$3 NL

Hero (~315) - Been playing TAG; up $115. Played villain in one earlier hand; villain folded on river (I filled a straight, which he may have discerned).

Villain (~140) - Seems like a good TAG player; plays few hands and plays them aggressively. Seems like a strong player; but not infallible. Looks a little like Gus from Breaking Bad FWIW.


Hero is in early position; Villain is in late position.

Hero gets KQs and raises to $10. There were a couple callers before reaching the villain, who raised to $25. Action folds around to hero, who decides to call. Other callers fold so it's heads up to the flop.

Flop: ($73 in the pot)

The flop is K 5 2 (rainbow). Hero is thrilled with top pair and good kicker. He can beat pocket 10s, Js, and Qs, although he's dead to pocket As, Ks, and AK. Hero decides to bet $30 - doesn't want to get over-committed but enough that villain takes notice.

My thinking is that if villain missed, $30 is enough for him to fold. Villain thinks for about 30 seconds and then calls. This makes me think he either has KQ, KJ (so debating whether his kicker is good enough) or is hollywooding (but he didn't seem that type of guy).

Turn: ($133 in the pot)

The turn is a Q. Hero is doing mental gymnastics, having turned two pair. Bets $70. Villain again pauses, noticing he has $85 left. Waits about 10 seconds and goes all-in. Hero confidently calls the remaining $15.


Turns out our villain made his 1-outer on the turn, making a set of Queens.


  1. Should Hero have called villain's pre-flop raise, re-raised, or folded?
  2. If you were the villain with QQ on the flop, how much would hero have to bet to get you to fold?

3 Answers 3


Should Hero have called villain's pre-flop raise, re-raised, or folded?

The only thing you can do is call. You've labelled Villian as tight-aggressive and he's made a small reraise after you've opened under the gun. This is a fairly strong sign of strength. Let's look at your options:

Jamming: KQs is doing badly against the average TAG players range in this spot. Even if you give him a generous range of {99+, AJs+, AQo+, KQs}, KQs has 32.42% equity against this range. He isn't folding enough of that range to a jam to justify doing so.

Reraising Not-All-In: This is a bad idea. The majority of his range will jam if you reraise at which point you'll have to fold, giving up a significant pot. The rest of his range will likely call and go to a flop. Note that his calling portion isn't doing so bad against KQs either.

Calling: You flat his raise and go to a flop. The total pot is $58 and you only need to call another $15, giving you 3.87:1 odds; a very tempting proposition. Note that you'll have to play this hand out of position against a very strong range. You are giving excellent reverse implied odds in this situation. If your postflop skills are good you should be fine though.

Folding: This is definitely an option. It really depends on just how tight Villian is. If he's extremely tight I would fold this without a second thought.

So, the process of elimination only truly leaves you two options: call or fold. If you are fairly confident he's not a nit, see a flop.

Let's pretend Hero knew the villain had QQ on the flop. How much would Hero need to bet for villain to fold?

I'm sensing a flawed thought process here. You do not want Villian to fold QQ on the flop. You should be betting for value, not as an attempt to fold out his hand. You don't want to fold out the portion of his range you're beating. You want to extract chips from him.

I would personally never be betting this flop. You're out of position against an opponent that 3-bet your UTG open preflop and you've flopped TPGK which is still very vulnerable against Villian's range. He either has you crushed right now or has a hand that is scared due to the King.

Take a step back and think what leading out accomplishes. You simply fold out {AQ, AJs, QQ-99} a certain amount of the time (how often is dependent on how tight he is) and you valuetown yourself against {KK+, AK}. It's unlikely that Villian will fold to any flop bet with QQ, apart from a jam, and especially not against a $30 bet into a $73 pot. That means you will have to barrel the turn to push him off his hand which I just can't see happening with such short stacks. And that would be a terrible line to take as his range is very strong. You might as well just hand him your stack.

Consider checking. This way Villian will likely continuation bet his entire range, {KK+, AK} as well as the hands you're beating, {AQ, AJs, QQ-99}. And if he doesn't, you can be reasonably confident that he doesn't have {KK+, AK} and then you can bet the turn/river for value against {QQ-99}.

Your hand is relatively weak when compared to your opponents range but it is too strong to entirely give up on though. When you are in this kind of position, you should think of your hand as a bluffcatcher.

To answer your question entirely, if I for some reason decided to lead the flop here I would still bet $30 as you did, but for a completely different reason: for value. $30 bet into a $74 pot on the flop and then jam the remaining effective $85 on the turn when the pot is $134. If I was going to try to push him off {QQ-99} I would just jam the flop (but I can think of literally no situation I would ever do that).

OP EDIT: If you were the villain with QQ on the flop, how much would hero have to bet to get you to fold?

~$50+ when facing a tight-aggressive player that raised UTG, smooth called a small reraise, and then donk-bet 2/3rds pot on a super dry K52 rainbow flop. Tight-aggressive players just aren't doing this with worse than Kx. If he had {QQ-99}, he'd likely just check-call one or two streets. He also might be donk-betting with Ax hands that missed but it's such a small portion of his range you can usually ignore it, especially when you consider that most people won't continuation bet 2/3rds pot with air. They'll c-bet around half pot or slightly less.

If he donk-bet less, say $30-$40, I'd call one street and reevaluate on the turn. In this scenario, once I've hit my set I'm getting it in. Any non-Queen turn I would give up if he continued betting and if he didn't I'd check behind. Same on the river.

This changes drastically if you can't label your opponent as tight-aggressive. If he is even remotely loose, I'd be getting it in with QQ on K52 rainbow every time, every day. I'd never be folding.

  • I've reworded the second question to better describe my intention. I understand that I want villain to bet on the flop. I'm more curious about how much money it would take for someone to lay down that hand.
    – Craig
    Commented Apr 7, 2014 at 21:35
  • Edited my answer with a response to your new question. Hope that helps. Commented Apr 7, 2014 at 21:53

Hero's flop bet is terrible, IMO. You made only bad arguments for betting on the flop. Do you want villain to fold on the flop? Really? why? Which hands do you want him to fold?

pre-flop I'm almost always calling villain's 3bet (depends on table conditions, which you didn't specify). KQs is a good hand, which does well in this spot, both if more players call behind us and if we get folds behind us. If villain was deep stacked, say 150bb or more, then I think it'd be a much closer spot, and I might opt for a fold preflop.

Also, if open raises to 10$ often get called in multiple spots, then my open raise sizing would be bigger.

  • 1
    I dont get your reasoning. The fact the villan is short is the exact reason I would fold preflop.I wouldnt want to go all in pre with KQ for 50bb and if we just call on the flop we have no room to manuver since the effective stack is so low and the opponent has the lead and position on us. The fact that he is short will also take our potential implied odds for any draws we might hit. Thus I would opt for the call when the oponent has a larger stack and we can apply our skills to outplay him postflop.Furthermore I wouldnt want to be involved in a lot of pots with Gus from Braking Badshivers:)
    – Daniel
    Commented Apr 9, 2014 at 9:09
  • 1
    @Daniel I agree with the general lines in your thought process, but I think you're wrong in this particular case. Everything you said is true about a hand like 98s. But KQs acts mostly as a high-card hand that also, as a bonus, plays better in multiway pots than KQo. It is not an implied-odds hand like 98s, since it makes less straights than 98s, it's less disguised, and it tends to make more dominated hands. In fact, KQs is a reverse implied odds (RIO) hand when the flop is seen heads-up in this spot. And with RIO hands, the deeper the stacks the less we want to play them.
    – greg
    Commented Apr 9, 2014 at 11:21

When you get two calls behind you and a raise you are behind. But you are getting 3.6:1 so call.

On the flop you have top pair on a dry board. Not sure why you are looking to fold out worse hands. If you have the best hand it is likely to hold up.

You are ahead or behind and that is not likely to change. I know it did but villain spiked a two outer.

I don't put villain on KQ or KJ as that was a good raise pre. I would put him on JJ+ or AKs.

Betting 1/2 the pot kind of lets you know where you stand but I would prefer check call unless they bet the pot or more.

Even if you bet the pot QQ might have called but you need to consider that you are behind AK, AA, KK.

Great turn for you. You are only behind KK and QQ which is certainly in villains range but even if they are tight then less then 1/2 the range.

You might as well put them all in.

When you get re-raised you are probably behind but with the pot odds you need to call.

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