There is a saying I've heard relating to poker and it is: "If you're not thinking you're gambling". Yes people will make these decisions because they claim to be a 'LAG','TAG', etc,etc player, but often they'll make these decisions without thinking. I would argue that it is the worst reasoning for playing a hand, unless you're just playing for fun and just want to play as much hands as possible.
So with the above said I just want to answer your question on are these about styles, they maybe justified as a style of playing but I'd always advise you to think and not just follow a style. The best poker isn't following a style of player 100%, it's reacting to your table and situation. Following on from this point to determine what your action, think what you're trying to achieve by calling or raising. Think what might happen should you call or raise. Factor in the players around you.
A reason to call would be decent implied odds, not with something like TK(I think things flop better than this and it'll get you into trouble) but say a small pair or 8,7, which is something you'll likely call with in these spots. Say you have a pair of 2s, you might want to call because you know player X loves playing weak holdings and getting to the river. You know that they'll call a few bets just to see the river. So you might like to call in this spot, in the hope to hit your set and get multiple bets out of a loose player. If you're going to do this you should be thinking about what you'll do on the flop if you hit or miss, and if you hit how to get maximum value.
You might want to raise in this spot to take control of the pot. For example if the table is a tight table who will may call to see a flop but ultimately shut down if they miss on the flop. In this case it would be good to bet pre to take control and continue on the flop because your table has shown to shut down the majority of the time on the flop.
In general whatever you decide to do, call or raise ask yourself a few questions:
- What are the players like on the table? Will they fold to a raise, do they like to play loose, will they be aggressive, will I be able to take control of the pot, etc,etc?
- What is your plan with your action? How will the players read your action, what are you saying with your action, can you fold it if you don't hit your ideal flop,etc,etc?
- How are you going to get value? Assuming you hit or get a good board for you, how are you going to profit from it, is it even possible to profit in the long run from the players even if you do hit?
- What will your table do in reaction to any future action? How will you act in reaction to their reaction?
Playing out of position in these spots with these types of hands is not advisable, even less so if you aren't thinking what you'll do.