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Questions tagged [poker-theory]

Poker theory is generally based on mathematical principals to define the theory.

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34
votes
10answers
4k views

Simplest Way to Explain EV to Beginners

I've recently been teaching a few of my friends to play poker, and I've explained various facets of poker play to them, now I want to explain Expected Value. It's not a simple concept and I don't ...
20
votes
4answers
1k views

A TAG LAG paradox?

In every reference book of poker, I have found that the more exploitive strategy against a loose player is to play tight. Conversely, the more exploitive strategy against a tight player is to play ...
18
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1answer
18k views

Positions in Poker

I'm somewhat perplexed on the positions in poker. As I browse, some websites give different/contradicting versions on the description of the positions. For example, some sources say the early ...
17
votes
2answers
653 views

What's the best book to read to understand this site?

I've always been a decent poker player. I typically win and understand probabilities and money management from life experience and trading. I'm an engineer, so I naturally approach things with a ...
16
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4answers
3k views

Balanced Continuation Bet range

Assume a 100bb NL game 6max game. Hero is on the Button on Open raises 3BB with a 55% range The BB calls (25% range). On a Board Axx a lot of players cbet a large portion of their range (60% - 90%) ...
11
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8answers
4k views

Can the optimal strategy for low stakes holdem be considered simpler as a general rule?

It appears that some of the subtleties of the game of poker are actually counterproductive against weak players. For example, raising is better than calling in many situations because it provides you ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

Simplified poker games

Is there a list of simplified poker games - preferably ones for which there is either a complete solution (ie the optimal strategy for all players is known) or at least some extensive analysis, either ...
11
votes
4answers
711 views

Position advantage on the table and odds

Is it possible define position advantage on table on terms of correction to odds? Namely, is it possible to quantify the effect of position on a players equity?
10
votes
4answers
302 views

Do you have any “in-hand” thinking procedures?

i'm kinda new to poker and i have problem with making too fast decisions. Do you guys have any standard "in-hand thinking procedures"? For example, when you're in hand, do you always think in the ...
10
votes
1answer
392 views

What topical resources do you often use to learn more about poker?

To get information that's usually considered cutting edge, it's often good to discuss topics more candidly with experts forging new thoughts on well established theories. Books of course mostly deal ...
9
votes
10answers
5k views

How is Poker a game of skill?

First of all, I'm a newbie so excuse my stupid question but I have to know :( I notice a lot of people say this, especially those who play a lot of poker. I'm not really a poker player, but I know ...
9
votes
2answers
186 views

Giving a short stacked opponent a perfect all-in vs forcing them to over-commit

I just finished Every Hand Revealed by Gus Hansen and in it he is talking about a short-stacked opponent and says: I should probably watch out so I don't give him too many perfect all-in moves ...
9
votes
3answers
971 views

Can a bettor concede his hand without showing it?

Let's say someone bluffs on the flop, turn, and river with "nothing", (maybe he has AK), and is called all three times, by someone who probably has a small pair. In theory, he is supposed to show his ...
9
votes
3answers
967 views

Add-on value and “bubble factor”

Bubble factor represents the value ratio of winning X chips versus losing X chips in a given tournament - and is named so because the ratio grows steeply as the money bubble approaches. An exaggerated ...
8
votes
5answers
606 views

Defending a made hand, is it good to make a high bet?

Cash table with 7 opponents. In early position Q♥6♥ and I opened for 3BB pre-flop. Three opponents called. The flop was 7♠Q⋄8♣ giving me top pair. I opened for ...
8
votes
4answers
15k views

Why is it easier to make a flush than a straight with four cards already matching?

In draw poker with five cards, if I have four cards with an open-ended straight draw, why is it a lower probability to get the fifth card for the straight than if you have four cards in a flush and ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

What are the most important elements of poker to model in a Monte Carlo simulation?

A few years back, I built a MC simulation with the following parameters: Betting wasn't simulated Fixed number of players Cards were dealt, and then flop/turn/river The best hand was recorded After ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

The right bluff frequency

In the book of Bill Chen, "The mathematics of poker", there is a formula to calculate the right frequency of a bluff action. The formula has been calculated in a simplified version of poker. Even ...
7
votes
4answers
678 views

What do you study for poker? What do you focus on?

As the title says I would like to know what do you most focus when studying poker. Math? Human behavior? MTT strategy? Poker theory? Analyse session errors? Cash games strategy? Videos of live/online ...
7
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2answers
535 views

Can you call when the pot odds don't favour you?

Say you're drawing to a made hand in a $10-$20 limit hold'em game and you have N outs. On the turn, one line of thought is that you should only call if the pot odds are in your favour, i.e. if there ...
7
votes
2answers
891 views

Distribution of Badugi Hands

I'd like to know when you're dealt a badugi in Badugi, where does that hand stand in relation to another random badugi hand? i.e. both hands have four different suits and ranks. Example 1: I'm dealt ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Why would a player ask how many chips another player has during a hand?

Have seen this multiple times, in both cash games and tournaments. Just wondering when is this an important factor? How does it affect strategy?
7
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2answers
261 views

Who has advantage if one player is known to have an Ace?

Suppose that in a Texas hold'em heads up both player 1 and 2 know from the beginning that player 1 has an Ace. (This cannot happen in a normal game, of course.) Who has an advantage, player 1, since ...
7
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3answers
351 views

Gap concept and pot odds

In his book "The Theory Of Poker", David Sklansky states that in order to call an early open/raise you should hold at least the same or a tighter range than the open/raiser opponent. Sklansky called ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

What data should you keep track of to improve your game?

If you wanted to improve your poker game, what statistics should you track? Do players that keep a track of how much they have won/lost and where do better than players who don't? I play online (for ...
6
votes
9answers
6k views

Studying poker math - is it worth it?

I've done some studying, learned about ranges for stealing, raising, calling, positional play etc. but I get bored with all that theory. I don't really care about my odds and outs and I probably make ...
6
votes
5answers
455 views

What I did was right?

I'm a newbie in Poker and so I would like you to judge the rightness of my actions on the following hand: Yesterday I was playing NL Hold'em and my cards were a premium hand, K♣ K♦. We were playing 9-...
6
votes
1answer
571 views

General strategy shortstacked PLO cash games

I heard that playing shortstacked PLO in cash games can have a big advantage. Say ~50BB deep. I have a couple of question about this. How can this be a big advantage? What would be a good general ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

The groups of Sklansky starting hands

Which criterion did Sklansky use when dividing starting hands in groups? Computer generated starting hands seems to show a subjective grouping by Sklansky, doesn't it?
6
votes
0answers
212 views

Calculating Nash Equilibrium for HU NLHE push fold game

This question has been asked before here and here. But what i am looking for is the specific calculation methodology or pseudocode. Additionally my understanding itself of Nash equilibrium is this ...
5
votes
5answers
907 views

Outs counting correction

When we counts outs, we are making the assumption that the outs are not already dealt. This can be correct in the heads up, but I guess that in the full game this will not be correct (due to the ...
5
votes
3answers
513 views

In what situations will you lose the low-pot in Omaha Hi/Lo while holding Ace-Deuce?

In Omaha hi low, will holding an Ace and a Deuce card automatically give you the "nut low" hand in the event of a qualifying low hand?
5
votes
2answers
118 views

How to behave in crowded pots

I noticed that in small stakes tournments and freerolls, the early stages of pots are very crowded. What is the best strategy in this kind of situation? Limp in the hope to flop somthing? or what?
5
votes
2answers
4k views

Complex split pot semantics for multiple All-In winners with differing amounts

I'm writing a Poker Server piece of software and well, I want it to be accurate... Basically I want to know what the correct way to deal with this following situation is: [ second round of betting. ...
5
votes
4answers
7k views

Nash's ICM calculation

I would like to understand the Nash' ICM model and how to use it. I have found this calculators here and here, and I have tried to play with them. But I don't understand the output. Who can help me ...
5
votes
1answer
330 views

Doubt in expected value calculation of Bill Chen book

I am studing The mathematics of poker of Bill Chen, and I am at the chapter of pot odds and implied odds. I have this doubt: Everyone who have a little background on probability knows that the ...
5
votes
3answers
531 views

Expected Value for SB und BB in NL HU (GTO)

Lets consider a NL HU Match 100BB deep (no rake). Both players are playing GTO (game theoretical optimum). Lets assume in the GTO Strategy the SB open limps or open raises r times and open folds f ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the nature of Omaha starting hands?

When I first started to play Omaha coming from a Hold em back ground it seemed to me that the nature of a four card hand was different then the nature of two a card hand. It seemed that at a very ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Pot odds for chasing a flush against unknown opponent

Consider 2 scenarios, in which a flop has given you an approx. 33% chance of making an Ace high flush by the river. The pot size is currently 600 and there is 1 player remaining. It costs 200 to ...
5
votes
3answers
902 views

Equity calculation at brick and mortar poker

Pokerstove is very usefull tool for online players, but when you play live you simply can't use it. Does exist (even aproximate) an algorithm in order to estimate your equity against the range of your ...
5
votes
1answer
543 views

How to Decide Whether to Buy the Add On or Not in Rebuys

Sometimes rebuy tournaments go very well at the beginning and I accumulate a lot of chips, when I've already got lots of chips it seems silly to pay more money for the add on - usually costing the ...
5
votes
3answers
527 views

Can a King be beaten in one card poker?

This question is about the following theoretical model of poker, which is a greatly simplified version of my earlier question. Suppose that from one deck of cards, we remove all the Kings, and give ...
5
votes
2answers
328 views

Fundamental Theorem of Poker vs Morton's Theorem

According to the Fundamental Theorem of Poker, our expectation is increased every time the opponents make a wrong decision. On the other hand, Morton's Theorem states that a player's expectation may ...
5
votes
1answer
113 views

Calculating the Probability of Reaching a Certain Amount of BB vs Hero

I'm looking for help to build a statistic in excel or just mathematically. What I want to figure is the chance of another player (villain) increase his stack with X BBs when I estimate his BB/100 to ...
5
votes
1answer
167 views

Should you use average value or marginal value when deciding which hands to play?

This example comes from Sklansky: Suppose you are in a very loose wild limit game, where seven players (other than yourself) call for the maximum four bets on every hand. Sklansky then asserts that ...
5
votes
2answers
734 views

Fictitious play for multiway hand in push or fold regime

I know the theory behind the push or fold in heads up (Is well explained in The mathematics of poker of Chen & Ankenman). I know that exists software (e.g. ICM trainer) that computes the push or ...
4
votes
3answers
176 views

Need analysis of flop bluff shove

I'm playing heads-up in a cash game (only 2 players at the table). I have 40xBB. The opponent has 60xBB. I'm BB. I have A♥9♦ The villain min-raises. I raise 5xBB. He calls. The flop: J♠Q♠K♠ I go ...
4
votes
6answers
356 views

Final Table of Tournament - Hand History Example

I was recently at the final table of a 40 person freeze out tourny and wonder if I played the following right. Background: When this hand came up I was 3rd in chips out of 8 players on a final table. ...
4
votes
5answers
2k views

Pocket Aces in 9-handed

This should be a happy thing when you get pocket aces, but lately I feel bad just looking at the hole cards A♢ A♥, for example. According to what I read and everyone's advice I should bet strong with ...
4
votes
2answers
320 views

Preflop range for representing the nuts on every board?

What is the minimum preflop range I have to play to have on every 5 Card board the nuts in my range? E.g. On a: A♠4♠5♠K♣Q♠ Board I would need 2♠3♠ But ...